000 gifted interest in the company was 2.6% 德超市持刀袭击案 阿东当选三沙市长

Home / 000 gifted interest in the company was 2.6% 德超市持刀袭击案 阿东当选三沙市长

Finance Challenging macroeconomic conditions, including credit and financial market conditions, have inevitably impacted the values of most family owned businesses – even if the business itself is doing well. These troubling conditions may present many owners with an opportune time to transfer the family business while simultaneously minimizing the tax consequences. Take Advantage of Today’s Grim Reality In today’s market, many business valuation metrics, such as multiples of value to EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization – or a company’s net income with interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization included), are lower than in recent history. The trailing twelve months earnings streams of many companies are also lower, and the immediate foreseeable earnings streams are expected to continue to be stressed. Low value multiples, against lower performance measures of the company, result in significantly reduced business valuations. A reduced value is not something a business owner wants to hear about, but you can at least take advantage of this grim reality. In general, the primary means of transferring ownership of a company to the next generation is to sell it, gift it or a combination of the two. Today’s lower business valuations can reduce the transfer tax exposure and/or make the potential sale of the company much more affordable for the next generation. The current conditions also provide an opportunity to leverage the estate and gift tax exemptions. For example, if you are gifting under the $13,000 annual exclusion, you are able to gift a larger portion of the company because the interest units will likely be valued at a significantly reduced value compared to two years ago. Right now, the value of interest units might be lower compared to any time during the decade prior to the financial melt-down during the fall of 2008. The family business owner has an unprecedented opportunity to give larger blocks of ownership interest in the company to the next generation and still stay within the limits or to at least minimize tax exposure. What are the Allowable Exclusions in 2010? Under the current gift exclusions in place, you and your spouse can each gift $13,000, a total of $26,000 for 2010, to each eligible person without triggering the so-called gift tax. This amount is at an historic high. For example, in 2010 you could give $13,000 to your son, another $13,000 to your daughter, and $13,000 more to each of their spouses without having to pay taxes on the gifts. Your spouse can also give $13,000 per year to each person. You can also use one business valuation to support a gift in 2010 and a second gift in 2011 if the second gift is within a reasonable time of the business valuation date and the valuation is not stale (although the annual exclusion level has not been disclosed yet for 2011, but it will likely be at least $13,000). For instance, gifting $26,000 between you and your spouse in December 2010 and then gifting another $26,000 in January 2011 allows you to gift $52,000 over a short period of time, reducing administrative expense by using one business valuation for two gift filings, and yet still not eating into your life time exemption. Say your company was valued at $2,000,000 in early 2008, but now is valued at $1,000,000 due to reduced market multiples and reduced performance because of the struggling economy. The $52,000 gifted interest in the company was 2.6%, but now it is 5.2%. You are transferring more company interest under the gift exclusion limits. You can gift more than the annual exclusion limit, but it will reduce your lifetime gift exclusion of $1,000,000. For larger estates, the gift tax may not be completely avoidable, but like smaller estates, the current market conditions can provide a great opportunity to transfer a larger portion of the family business at one time and pay less tax on the transfer. Other Considerations to Think About Prudent gifting practice requires that a gift tax return and valuation of the interest gifted be prepared regardless of the size of gift. Filing a gift tax return and having a supporting valuation starts the clock running for the safe harbor rule. The safe harbor rule states that once you file the gift tax return, and assuming all valuations are adequately disclosed, the IRS has three years to question the value of the assets being gifted. In gifting scenarios that are for the purpose of transferring ownership to the next generation, it is the general strategy to gift a minority position to each person receiving the gift. The gifting of minority interests allows for discounts for lack of control and additional discounts for lack of marketability to be taken against the pro-rata value. The goal is to prepare an IRS acceptable valuation while showing the lowest possible value for the gifted interests. The valuation of the business interest being gifted is a critical element in reducing IRS exposure, reducing any gift tax and maximizing your gifted interests as a percentage of the whole company. By IRS rules, the business valuation must be determined by an objective appraiser qualified to appraise the business as shown by the appraiser’s background, experience and education. The appraisal report must then meet further content specifications contained in the tax regulations, including the identification of information utilized in sufficient detail to allow the reader (IRS) to replicate the appraisal analysis and value conclusion. The IRS is increasingly scrutinizing business valuations for gift and estate tax purposes. Therefore, the preparation and disclosure to the IRS of a formal business valuation is critical to establish the value of the interests to be transferred for federal transfer tax purposes. There are many strategies for transferring family owned businesses and assets to the next generation. A proper business valuation of the assets is always a key factor in the success of the strategy. Using gifts in an overall estate plan can get complicated, and you should consider using the services of a qualified estate and tax professional to assist you with your overall strategy. Tough economic time can create a real opportunity to gift interests in closely held companies. Partnering with an experienced business valuation company can ensure that you and family members can rest easy knowing that the gift was handled in accordance with IRS regulations. About the Author: 相关的主题文章: